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Kastle Meyer test steps

PPT - Lecture: Forensic Serology PowerPoint Presentation

Kastle-Meyer (KM) Presumptive Testing for Blood 1 GENERAL 1.1 A Kastle-Meyer test may be performed directly on a cut out portion of a stain, an extract of a stain, or a wipe of the stained material. A wipe may be made using a piece of filter paper, thread, or swab. Wet the wipe with water, then rub over the stained area while still wet The Kastle-Meyer test is a quick inexpensive test used to analyze evidence at a crime scene for the presence of blood. Phenolphthalein reacts with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of hemoglobin to turn from colorless to pink. This reagents provide a presumptive test for blood, as food samples which contain hemoglobin (meat) and certain. The Kastle-Meyer Color Test is commonly used to presumptively indicate if blood is present on an object. It is fast and easy to use, making it an ideal test at a crime scene or for use on samples taken from a crime scene. The test relies upon the heme, the iron-containing portion of a red blood cell, to catalyze the oxidation of phenolphthalein. This test is very sensitive. One drop of blood diluted in 10,000 drops of water can still be detected by the Kastle-Meyer test. In this chemistry science project, you will learn about the Kastle-Meyer procedure and test various substances to determine which give a positive Kastle-Meyer test

The Kastle Meyer Blood test is all about transfer of electrons through reduction and oxidation (called redox for short). If something gains electrons, it is reduced, if something loses electrons, it is oxidized. (Usually something gets oxidized when it reacts with oxygen, which is where the name comes from. 3. The Phenolphthalein test is a catalytic test for the detection of blood. It is also known as the Kastle-Meyer or KM test for presumptive blood. 4. This test is non-specific for the presence of blood. 5. Refer to FB Evidence Examination for guidelines on conducting confirmatory testing. 6 The Kastle-Meyer test is a presumptive blood test, first described in 1903, in which the chemical indicator phenolphthalein is used to detect the possible presence of hemoglobin.It relies on the peroxidase-like activity of hemoglobin in blood to catalyze the oxidation of phenolphthalin (the colorless reduced form of phenolphthalein) into phenolphthalein, which is visible as a bright pink color Kastle ‐ Meyer Test -Three Step Test 3. Add two to three drops of 3% H 2 O 2. − If immediate color change to PINK-the test is POSITIVE for the possible presence of blood − If no color change -blood is not present or is in too limited quantity for the test to detect

Bloodstain Indication: Kastle-Meyer Test This laboratory protocol (or part thereof) has been provided as an example of a laboratory SOP, courtesy of the Illinois State Police. It has been included for training and example purposes only It is this form of phenolphthalein that is present in Kastle-Meyer test kits. In order to generate the intense pink color indicative of a positive test, the reduced phenolphthalein must be oxidized back to its normal, colored form. In the relevant reaction, hydrogen peroxide reacts with the hemoglobin in the blood, with the phenolphthalein not.

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color change, proceed to the next step. 4. Add 1-2 drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide. 5. Note any immediate blue-green color change 6. An immediate blue-green color change indicates a positive result. No color change indicates a negative result. A negative result indicates that either no blood is present or is below the limit of detection of the test cleaned, the Kastle-Meyer test was also validated on surface after contamination with blood and later cleaning with common water, bleach, 70º alcohol, anionic and quaternary tensioactive ammonia. Results After the preparation of the Kastle-Meyer reagent and the three day wait the tests were started. First, the specificity test was performe Kastle-Meyer Colour test. The Kastle-Meyer colour test works on a similar principle to Luminol, with an active compound which reacts with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of blood. In this case the chemical involved is phenolphthalein. This will react with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of haemoglobin to produce a pink colour Talk to Customer Service. 406-256-0990 or Live Chat In < 1 minute. $21.95. Ages 12+. Out of Stock, Expected to Ship within 2 Weeks. Perform a presumptive blood test using the Kastle-Meyer test to check for blood on materials. With its immediate results, this test is a favorite among crime scene investigations (CSI). Read More Phenolphthalein Test (aka Kastle Meyer Test) Luminol Test (aka Albrecht Reaction) Alternate Light Sources Confirmatory Takayama Test (no longer listed in State Crime Lab procedures) RSID Test for Human Blood ABA Card Hematrace (note: can cross react with some animal blood. Results will be reported a

  1. Perform the classic 3 step Kastle Meyer test for blood using the premixed solutions in this convenient kit. In the tests final step, the sample is treated with. Kastlea€Meyer test. The Kastle Meyer test is used by law enforcement and laboratories around to world as a presumptive test for the presence of blood. NFSTCs YouTube video
  2. Also known as the Kastle Meyer Test How it works: A Phenolphthalein solution is used to show the possible presence of blood based upon a peroxidase reaction of hemoglobin which produces a pink color. Precautions: This test is presumptive because it has produced false positives from other substances, such as saliva, pus, malt extract, vegetable.
  3. The phenolphthalin reagent (Kastle-Meyer reagent) was prepared by reducing phenolphthalein with zinc metal in basic solution and an approximately 20-percent sodium perborate solution was used in the second step of the test (Culliford 1971)
  4. The Kastle-Meyer test is a catalytic color test that will produce a color change in the presence of blood. When phenolphthalein and hydrogen peroxide react with heme (iron) molecules in hemogloblin, the presence of blood is indicated by a pink color. A negative Kastle-Meyer test indi-cates the absence of blood. Because animal blood also.

10.1: Blood detection using the Kastle-Meyer test ..

Kastle-Meyer Blood Test The Kastle-Meyer test is inexpensive, easy to perform, and provides quick results, mak-ing it ideal for use at a scene. It also does not compromise the integrity of the sample. Using this test does not destroy any part of the sample, such as DNA, which may be necessary for further analysis. The Kastle-Meyer test is also. The stability test gave comparable results among the tests except for aged fish blood stains, where the Kastle Meyer test performed poorly. Owing to its ease of use, higher sensitivity, and lack of interference with downstream DNA analysis, and despite its reduced specificity compared to Kastle Meyer, the Hemastix method is more appropriate for. A negative test may be used to rule out a drug or drug intoxication. 7. 2 year shelf life. Felicity Carlysle gets colourful looking at the methods used by crime scene investigators to detect blood. Perform a presumptive blood test using the Kastle-Meyer test to check for blood on materials In the 2-step version of the test, the Kastle-Meyer reagent is mixed only with an equal volume of 95% ethanol. This solution is first added to the stain on the filter paper. If a pink or red colour develops at this point, that is without the addition of hydrogen peroxide, the stain in question is not blood. If there is no reaction at this point, a drop of hydrogen peroxide solution is added.

Crime Scene Chemistry: The Kastle-Meyer Test for Blood

  1. In the 2-step version of the test, the Kastle-Meyer reagent is mixed only with an equal volume of 95% ethanol. This solution is first added to the stain on the filter paper. If a pink or red colour develops at this point, that is without the addition of hydrogen peroxide, the stain in question is not blood
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  3. Perform the classic 3-step Kastle-Meyer test for blood using the premixed solutions in this convenient kit. In the test's final step, the sample is treated with hydrogen peroxide, which reacts with haemoglobin and phenolphthalein to produce a bright pink colour. The test detects both human and animal blood. Kit contents include: Simulated non-hazardous blood Distilled water Kastle-Meyer.

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This simple 4 step test is easy to use and is housed in a small plastic cup. Low lighting levels are needed to enable the light produced by the reaction to be seen, so if the light cannot be reduced to a low enough level then Luminol cannot be used. Perform the Kastle-Meyer Blood Test Steps this form, the test will give an apparently positive result with other oxidising materials. In the 2-step version of the test, the Kastle-Meyer reagent is mixed only with an equal volume of 95% ethanol. This solution is first added to the stain on the filter paper. If a pin Blood Identification Steps. Potential blood stain Presumptive Test Confirmatory Test. LCV Luminol Kastle-Meyer RSID ABO Blood Type Testing. Box 1: Chemistry of the Kastle-Meyer Test. The phenolphthalein (C. 2. 0H. 16. O. 4) used in the Kastle-Meyer test has been reduced, i.e. it has gained elec-trons, and is actually called phenolphthalin (C. 2. These tests are the first step in determining if there is blood present. Steps. Method 1 of 2: Using the Catalase Test 1. Gather the necessary materials. It is easiest to purchase a Kastle-Meyer Test Kit as it will contain all of the necessary resources. The standard strength 3% hydrogen peroxide is sufficient for this test..

The Kastle-Meyer test is a catalytic color test that will produce a color change in the presence of blood. When phenolphthalein and hydrogen peroxide react with heme (iron) molecules in hemogloblin, the presence of blood is indicated by a pink color. A negative Kastle-Meyer test indicates the absence of blood Students determine the sensitivity of the Kastle-Meyer test: Have students make a serial dilution of bovine blood by setting up a test tube rack with six test tubes. Each tube should be labeled as follows: 1) Neat, 2) 1/10, 3) 1/100, 4) 1/1000, 5) 1/10,000, 6) 1/100,000. Undiluted bovine blood is placed in the first tube. (This is known as a neat sample. The Kastle-Meyer test is used to determine whether blood is of human origin. d. the kastle- meyer test is used to determine whether blood is of human orgin An antigen is a protein that destroys or inactivates a specific antibody A three step Kastle-Meyer Test produced false positive results on unstained jean fabric. • Peroxidase used in the manufacture of these jeans may be the cause of the observed results. • Tests performed to determine whether peroxidase caused the result were inconclusive Perform the classic 3-step Kastle-Meyer test for blood using the premixed solutions in this convenient kit. In the test's final step, the sample is treated with hydrogen peroxide, which reacts with haemoglobin and phenolphthalein to produce a bright pink colour. The test detects both human and animal blood

Kastle-Meyer test - Wikipedi

The Kastle-Meyer test is a chemical test used to detect extremely small quantities of blood. If you have leftover potassium ferricyanide, you can use it to grow naturally red crystals . Although the chemical name sounds scary, with the cyanide word in it, it's actually a very safe chemical to use The Kastle-Meyer test relies on the iron in hemoglobin, which is the iron-containing portion of a red blood cell, to promote the oxidation of phenolphthalin to phenolphthalein. Phenolphthalin is colorless, but in the presence of blood and hydrogen peroxide, it changes to phenolphthalein, which makes the solution pink

Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. tuon_vo. Terms in this set (107) What is blood? Liquid Connective Tissue with cells ( erythrocytes, white blood cells, platelets), plasma, protein, enzymes, hormones, salts, organic and inorganic substance Hey guys I did the Kastle Meyer test on a sample of my own dried blood and did not work. I swabed the blood with a moist swab, added a drop of a solution of phenolpthalein, ethanol, and methanol, then added one drop of Hydrogen peroxide. Also your steps listed above while probably not the cause of your problem can be simplified as such. Presumptive Blood Test Kit. Item # 840582. Write a review. Ask a question. Perform the classic 3-step Kastle-Meyer test for blood using the premixed solutions in this convenient kit. In the test's final step, the sample is treated with hydrogen peroxide, which reacts with hemoglobin and phenolphthalein to produce a bright pink color. Price

Student Activity: Students conduct the Kastle-Meyer test. Here is a video of the final two steps being performed. The color turns pink quickly for the real blood, which I have assigned to the samples found in Mariana Goldbloom's possession. Students take their work back to their seats The Kastle-Meyer (KM) Test is a presumptive test for blood. Three reagents (ethanol, KM reagent, and hydrogen peroxide) are applied, in turn, to the suspected bloodstain. If blood is present, a pink color change will occur within seconds The next is the screening step where the stain is swapped with philtre paper on the Kastle-Meyer test applied. 185 Important steps not seen in the clip are the recording the label information before opening the package, the recording of the physical appearance of the cover, and the swabbing of a non-bloodstained area to act as a negative.

Remember that all of these tests are a multi-step process, with a waiting period between steps to allow for a false-positive to occur (if it is going to). test should be considered invalid (also sometimes known as a false positive reaction) (Kastle-Meyer) LCV Leuco-Crystal Violet TMB Tetramethylbenzidine . LCV Phenolphthalein TMB Test the chemicals by following the experiment instructions once. If the light reaction is absent, is too brief, or takes too long to occur, the hydrogen peroxide probably needs to be replenished from stock. If it still does not work, prepare fresh 0.15% H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) (see Materials Prep) The next step is to extend our study to other reagents used in presumptive tests. If the cause of the interference produced in the test proves correct, similar results using other reagents can be expected. We plan to continue seeking an explanation of interferences in the test reaction. In our initial study, however, the following aims were. Washington State Patrol Crime Laboratory Division Biochemical Procedures Biochemical Analysis Procedures All Printed Copies are Uncontrolled Revision May 20, 201 And the Kastle-Meyer reagents is positive for all animal blood samples. The FOB 1-Steo Fecal Occult Blood strip test has specific to human blood more than the Kastle-Meyer reagent. The FOB 1-Steo Fecal Occult Blood strip test was step up to 1:900,000, which more sensitive than the Kastle-Meyer test, which had sensitivity1:60,000

Moreover, the visualization test was evaluated in combination with a presumptive blood test (Kastle-Meyer test 17, 18, LumiScene, 7 and fluorescein test 3, 6). After the visualization assay was performed, fabrics and filter papers were dried in a fume hood upon which the presumptive blood tests were performed on both the blood spot on the. Presumptive tests, in medical and forensic science, analyze a sample and establish one of the following: . The sample is definitely not a certain substance. The sample probably is the substance. For example, the Kastle-Meyer test will show either that a sample is not blood or that the sample is probably blood but may be a less common substance. Further chemical tests are needed to prove that. A. Phenolphthalein (Kastle-Meyer) Test Background: Phenolphthalein is an acid or base indicator; in the presence of acid it is colorless and with base it turns a pinkish violet color. In the presumptive blood test, phenolphthalein undergoes a chemical reaction with hydrogen peroxide and hemoglobin, and it is converted to its basic ionic form.

A Kastle Meyer Test is used to detect the presence of hemoglobin in a blood sample. Although including a positive and negative control in the experiment is a good step towards having a. The test was repeated three times to see if the results were the same each time. Kastle -Meyers has a level of sensitivity up to 1 in 100,000. This was found to be the level of sensitivity by other authors. Blood was diluted with water; this was not only to test the level of sensitivity but blood is likely to be cleaned up with water of some kind A very popular presumptive method is the phenolphthalein test, which is also known as the Kastle- Meyer test (Virkler and Lednev 2009). Lee, Palmbach and Miller (2001) say that the Kastle-Meyer test was introduced in 1901 by Kastle What would be the next step in analyzing the blood sample if presumptive blood testing indicated the presence of blood? 4. Metals such as copper and nickel salts produce false positives in the Kastle-Meyer test. Explain why this produces the same result as hemoglobin in blood? 5. The Kastle-Meyer test can detect blood in extremely low.

The preliminary step to examine whether it's a blood or not, various colour tests are carried out by specialised forensic at the crime scene. a) Phenolphthalein Test (Kastle - Meyer Colour Test) The phenolphthalein test is based on the haemoglobin pigment present in blood which possess peroxidase like activity Two practical variations of this test are the KM-rub (indirect) test and the more sensitive KM-direct test, the latter of which is performed by applying reagents directly to a suspected blood stain. First, plant evidence in th Presumptive Test - Blood Phenolphthalein Test Also known as Kastle-Meyer Test Its sensitivity is 1:10,000 It is specific due to chemical activity of hemoglobin in animal blood Consists of 3 steps: alcohol phenolphthalein hydrogen peroxide The alcohol's function is to increase the sensitivity of the test reaction with the Kastle-Meyer test using dog blood? 5. List two types of substances that might produce a false-positive test when performing the Kastle-Meyer test for the presence of blood. a. Substance 1 _____ b. Substance 2 _____ 6. Why is it important to use a cotton swab when doing this test? 7

25. You use the Kastle-Meyer test to examine a pair of jeans taken from a suspect in a sexual assault/homicide case. Based upon your observation of a positive reaction, you may reasonably conclude that the stain: 26. The amount by which blood may be diluted and still produce a reaction to a preliminary blood test is called the test's: 27. When conducting a Luminol exam at a crime scene, do. Detail should be added about the DNA analysis. A crime scene officer cut the visible stain from the victim's bedsheet, and it was delivered to the OCME lab. There Michelle Sylvester, a level 3 criminalist, performed a Kastle-Meyer test on the sample and confirmed the presence of iron in it. From that point, lab protocols were implemented on a. Different steps of a blood spatter analysis at a crime scene: To be sure that the blood is from human being, experts make two different tests which are the Kastle-Meyer test, where we use the chemical indicator phenolphthalein to detect a possible presence of hemoglobin and another test, the leukomalachite green test, where this chemical. test for detection of possible blood, human or otherwise, so the test lacks human specificity. The basic test involves taking a trace amount of sample and hydrating with a drop (20ul) of sterile water or phosphate buffered saline for 10 seconds. A drop of Kastle-Meyer reagent (20ul), a pH indicator, is added to the hydrated sample Step 1: Answer the questions 1. What species did you identify the Evidence #1 to be from? Below are examples of negative and positive controls for the Kastle-Meyer test as well as swabs from three pieces of evidence. Your goal is to determine if each piece of evidence is positive or negative for blood. You may want to take a few notes for.

Kastle-Meyer_test - chemeurope

2. Add 1 drop of Kastle-Meyer reagent to suspected bloodstain. 3. Add 1 drop of 3% hydrogen peroxide solution to suspected bloodstain. Results: If any colour change occurs at step 2, then the test is considered negative due to the presence of chemical oxidants contaminating the sample tested using the Kastle-Meyer test. Kastle-Meyer (KM) Test: • KM reagents are applied to sample from stain • If blood is present a pink color change will occur • Not a confirmatory test because other substances can produce a false positive reaction • Animal blood will also test positive In cases where animals may have been present at a. 8 Steps to a Clean Balance - and 5 Solutions to Keep It Clean. Recognize and detect the effects of electrostatic charges on your balance. For example, the Kastle-Meyer test will show that a sample is not blood, or that the sample is probably blood (but it may be one of a range of less common substances) Kastle-Meyer Presumptive Blood Test • Presumptive test: will only reveal the possibility that the substance is blood or tell us for certain that the substance is not blood • Based on the reaction of hemoglobin with phenolpthlalein in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H 2 0 2). • Hemoglobin is the iron-containing, oxygen-transport protein.

Blood: the Kastle-Meyer test uses a substance called phenolphthalein, which is normally colorless, but turns pink in the presence of blood. Another test for blood is luminal, which is sprayed over a room to detect even the tiniest droplets of blood. Saliva: The phadebas amylase test is used to detect a-amylase, an enzyme in human saliva. If. For example, the Kastle-Meyer test will show either that a sample is not blood or that the sample is probably blood but may be a less common substance. Further chemical tests are needed to prove that the substance is blood. Confirmatory tests are the tests required to confirm the analysis A positive indirect Coombs test during pregnancy means you may need to take steps to protect your baby. Not all antibodies the test finds are harmful, so depending on what the test was looking for. To find blood, SOCO, which was attending the crime scene mentioned above in text, could choose the Kastle-Meyer test that uses the substance called phenolphthalein, which is normally colourless, but turns pink in the presence of blood. Another test for blood is luminal, which is sprayed over a room to detect even the tiniest droplets of blood

Seeing Red - Presumptive Tests for Blood - theGIS

1.1.4 The Evidence. After testing the evidence found at the crime scene, including drugs, blood, hair, fingerprints, and shoeprints. Drugs such as cocaine, acetaminophen. acetylsalicylic acid, methamphetamine, ecstasy, and the drug found at the crime scene. We used blood samples from all the suspects to figure out who had what blood type, and. tests such as the precipin test. Following confirmation and human identification, DNA profiling of the bloodstain is used for individualization. Methods to replace the currently used enhancement reagents and presumptive tests for blood and other biological material have been sought continuously. Recent interest has been heightened b This test can help determine whether the stain needs to be collected as evidence. Using the Phenolphthalein Presumptive Blood Test Kit is quick and simple. The test is administered by first collecting a positive control using the supplied Know Bloodstain Control. Next, a sample of the suspected stain should be collected using either a piece of.

Presumptive Blood Test Kit CSI Kastle-Meyer Tes

The Kastle-Meyer Test. This forensic science blood analysis lab is a great alternative to hands-on the Kastle-Meyer Presumptive Blood test for remote learners! Students can see first hand how a presumptive blood test like the Kastle-Meyer test can help to quickly identify the presence of blood at crime scenes 2. PHENOLPHTHALEIN TEST (KASTLE-MEYER TEST): Reagent : Phenolphthalein solution 2ml; Hydrogen peroxide 10ml; In a test tube containing blood sample, add20-40 drops of phenolphthalein reagent (phenolphthalein 2g+ sodium hydroxide 20gm +zinc+ distilled water) and then a drop of hydrogen peroxide

Kastle-Meyer test - forensic techniques

This is done by carrying out a Kastle Meyer test. This involves adding Ethanol, Kastle Meyer and Hydrogen peroxide to the sample all in order. If the sample is blood then it will turn pink due to a reaction with the haemoglobin in the blood This movie shows how luminol is used in forensics to detect traces of blood at a crime scene Phenolphthalein is a presumptive test that reacts with the heme molecule present in blood. A positive reaction gives a pink color. While bloodstains normally appear red-brown in color, the color of the substrate or the age of a stain may affect the appearance or visibility of the stain. Phenolphthalein tests are typically conducted on suspected.

Blood & Bodily Fluids - Forensic Resource

A Presumptive Test: The Kastle-Meyer Test The Kastle -Meyer test was fi rst described in the early 1900s by two independent doctors for whom the test was named. The chemical Phenolphthalein has a variety of uses, most commonly as an acid/base indicator outside the forensic community. It was Doctors Kastle True Knowledge, Faith in Christ, Godly Characte Which of the following test is used to determine the blood group from a blood stain? (July) Choices. Choice (4) Response; a. Luminol spray test. b. Kastle-Meyer test. c. Lattes crust method. d. Haemin crystal test. Check my answer! Question 93. Forensic Biology and Serology. Semen. Edit. Appeared in Year: 2018 Blood is one of the most common and informative forms of biological evidence found at a crime scene. A very crucial step in forensic investigations is identifying a blood stain's origin. The standard methods currently employed for analyzing blood are destructive to the sample and time-consuming. In this study, attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy.

FBI — Technical Note - Forensic Science Communications

The test detects both human and animal blood. Includes instructions and materials sufficient for 30 tests. 840582 Per kit $31.25 Gunshot Residue Presumptive Test Kit This 2-step presumptive test kit lets your students test surfaces for exposure to gunshot residue In this article, phenolphthalein presumptive test (Kastle-Meyer test) is tested against human, dog and cat blood. When the reagent was added to the sample, change in colour was observed in all three cases giving a positive result for the test. This article breaks down the two main steps of forensic identification i.e. comparing a questioned. It means that when a base is added to phenolphthalein solution, more hydrogen ions will be released which was predicted by Le Chatelier's principle. Apart from being used as acid-base indicator, phenolphthalein is used as laxative, in the Kastle-Meyer test, in the toys, and in developing magical graphical patterns Forensics Experts. Check out our online database of experts, which includes state and defense experts searchable by name or area of expertise. The list was compiled based upon the experts' appearance or work in prior cases or requests to be added, and is not based on any assessment of whether an expert is qualified or is the appropriate expert for a specific case 52.8. I'll place that down onto the bench, and then I'll take the swab from you. And this is what we will send off for DNA profiling later, if there is a positive reaction for blood. OK. Now we're going to carry out the hydrogen peroxide and Kastle-Meyer test as we did before. So taking a couple of drops of hydrogen peroxide, directly.

ᴑ Phenolphthalein: Kastle-Meyer color test Steps 1. Remove small portion of stain 2. Add alcohol (drying agent), Kastle-Meyer, and hydrogen peroxide Results: if its blood Reaction with Hydrogen peroxide: bubbles Reaction with hemoglobin: turns pink Some vegetables give a false positive ᴑ Hemasti This video belongs to the section entitled Serological tests that is part of the DVD Avian Influenza sampling procedures and laboratory testing funded by.. narratives holding you back and let step-by-step Prentice Hall Mathematics: Algebra 2 textbook solutions reorient your old paradigms. NOW is the time to make today the first day of the rest of your life.The cell (from Kastle‒Meyer test is a presumptive blood test, first described in 1903, in which the chemical indicator.

Activity 8-1 a Presumptive Test for Bloo

Presumptive and Confirmatory Forensic Tests Definitions: Presumptive tests - can establish the possibility that a substance, bodily tissue or fluid is present Confirmatory tests - are used to conclusively identify a substance or specific biological material References: President's DNA Initiative (for serology tests) Acute. National Institute of Justice Standard for Color Test Reagents/Kits.